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  • Country Name – Long Form: Republika ng Pilipinas (Republic of the Philippines)
  • Country Name – Short Form: Pilipinas (Philippines)
    • Capital: Manila
    • Largest City: Quezon City
    • Three Main Geographical Divisions: Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao
    • National/Official Language: Filipino (based and widely known as Tagalog)
    • Foreign Language which is also a National Language: English
    • Major Dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Bikol, Hiligaynon, Waray, Ilokano, Pampango, Pangasinense
  • Government Type: Unitary, Presidential, Constitutional and Republic
    • President and Chief of Staff: “PNOY” Benigno Aquino III (since June 30, 2010)
    • Vice President: Jejomar “Jojo” Binay (since June 30, 2010)
    • Senate President: “Manong Johnny” Juan Ponce Enrile
    • House Speaker: Feliciano “Sonny” Belmonte, Jr.
    • Supreme Court Chief Justice: Renato Corona
    • Total Land Area: 299,764 km2
  • Unit of Measure: Metric System (English System is sometimes used)
  • Electricity Voltage Rating: 220VAC (110VAC is available in Major Establishments/Hotels)
  • Currency: Peso and Centavo (100 Centavos = 1 Peso)
    • Coin Denomination: 5 Centavos, 10 Centavos, 25 Centavos, 1 Peso, 5 Pesos, 10 Pesos
    • Bill Denomination: 20 Pesos, 50 Pesos, 100 Pesos, 200 Pesos, 500 Pesos, 1000 Pesos
  • Time Zone: PST (Philippine Standard Time) or UTC +8
    • Government/Normal Business Hours: 8:00 am – 12:00 nn, 1:00 pm – 5:00 pm (Monday to Friday)
    • Normal Banking Hours: 9:00 am – 3:00 pm (Monday to Friday)
    • Production/Shifting Working Hours: 6:00 am – 2:00 pm (Morning Shift), 2:00 pm – 10:00 pm (Afternoon Shift), 10:00 pm – 6:00 am (Graveyard/Night Shift)
  • Country Calling Code: +63
  • Internet Top Level Domain: .ph
  • Population: 97,976,603 (July 2010 estimate)
  • Number of Islands: 7,107
  • Weather: Tropical
    • Northeast Monsoon: November to April
    • Southwest Monsoon: May to October)
  • Highest Peak/Elevation: Mt. Apo (2,954m)
  • Religion: Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, Other Christian 4.5%, Other 1.8%, Unspecified 0.6%, None 0.1% (2000 census)
  • Administrative Division: 80 provinces and 120 chartered cities
    • Provinces: Abra, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Aklan, Albay, Antique, Apayao, Aurora, Basilan, Bataan, Batanes, Batangas, Biliran, Benguet, Bohol, Bukidnon, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Camiguin, Capiz, Catanduanes, Cavite, Cebu, Compostela, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Dinagat Islands, Eastern Samar, Guimaras, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Iloilo, Isabela, Kalinga, Laguna, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, La Union, Leyte, Maguindanao, Marinduque, Masbate, Mindoro Occidental, Mindoro Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Mountain Province, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, North Cotabato, Northern Samar, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Palawan, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Quirino, Rizal, Romblon, Samar, Sarangani, Siquijor, Sorsogon, South Cotabato, Southern Leyte, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Tarlac, Tawi-Tawi, Zambales, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay
    • Chartered Cities: Alaminos, Angeles, Antipolo, Bacolod, Bago, Baguio, Bais, Balanga, Batac, Batangas, Bayawan, Bislig, Butuan, Cabadbaran, Cabanatuan, Cadiz, Cagayan de Oro, Calamba, Calapan, Calbayog, Candon, Canlaon, Cauayan, Cavite, Cebu, Cotabato, Dagupan, Danao, Dapitan, Davao, Digos, Dipolog, Dumaguete, Escalante, Gapan, General Santos, Gingoog, Himamaylan, Iligan, Iloilo, Isabela, Iriga, Kabankalan, Kalookan, Kidapawan, Koronadal, La Carlota, Laoag, Lapu-Lapu, Las Pinas, Legazpi, Ligao, Lipa, Lucena, Maasin, Makati, Malabon, Malaybalay, Malolos, Mandaluyong, Mandaue, Manila, Marawi, Marikina, Masbate, Mati, Meycauayan, Muntinlupa, Munoz, Naga, Navotas, Olongapo, Ormoc, Oroquieta, Ozamis, Pagadian, Palayan, Panabo, Paranaque, Pasay, Pasig, Passi, Puerto Princesa, Quezon, Roxas, Sagay, Samal, San Carlos (in Negros Occidental), San Carlos (in Pangasinan), San Fernando (in La Union), San Fernando (in Pampanga), San Jose, San Jose del Monte, San Juan, San Pablo, Santa Rosa, Santiago, Silay, Sipalay, Sorsogon, Surigao, Tabaco, Tacloban, Tacurong, Tagaytay, Tagbilaran, Taguig, Tagum, Talisay (in Cebu), Talisay (in Negros Occidental), Tanauan, Tangub, Tanjay, Tarlac, Toledo, Tuguegarao, Trece Martires, Urdaneta, Valencia, Valenzuela, Victorias, Vigan, Zamboanga
  • Number of Airports: 254 (85 paved runways and 169 unpaved runways)
  • Independence Day: June 12, 1898 (declared from Spain), July 4, 1946 (declared from US)
  • National Hero: Dr. Jose P. Rizal
  • National Anthem: Lupang Hinirang (“Chosen Land”)
  • National Motto: Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan, at Makabansa (“For God, People, Nature, and Country”)

  1. Karik says:

    I feel so much happier now I understand all this. Thanks!

  2. Cristine says:

    I LOVE HERE ! so much fun ! :)

  3. Ryan says:

    Baliktad yung National Motto ! ; Ang tama ay MAKA DYOS, MAKAKALIKASAN, MAKA-TAO, at MAKABANSA….. mag attend ka naman ng FLag Ceremony Halata hindi ka nag attend…

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